Bison is an animal that gives kick and is related to cow and ox. The American bison, native species of North America, is popularly called buffalo (buffalo true, however, is an animal native to Asia or Africa).
Appearance and habits of the bison
The bison is a large mammal with the long, shaggy, with curved horns. He has a very keen sense of smell, but relatively poor eyesight. The American bison male has about 1.8 m at the shoulders, measures between 2.7 and 3 m in length and weighs between 725-1135 kg - or more. The European bison is taller and longer than the American animal, but usually weighs less and is not as hairy. The American bison has a higher hump at the shoulders and longer on the head and neck. This animal is particularly hairy, especially the males. The head, legs and tails are dark brown, while the upper parts of your body are light brown. 's bison live in herds, with males and females together throughout the year. A single male leads the group. When he is frightened, tend the flock is rowing and disband. In the spring, thousands of families usually migrate in large flocks in search of new pastures. Until the 1870s, large herds of bison, totaling millions of animals, they moved across the plains of North America. With the arrival of winter, the animals moved south or sheltered valleys of the rivers and mountains. 's bison mainly grass and other plants fed sprouts. The female has a single cub in May or June.
The bison in America
approximately 10,000 years ago prehistoric Indians have hunted - walk and spears - species of bison that are now extinct. Archaeological evidence found in Colorado indicate that around 6500 BC a group of Indians killed nearly 200 bison. After the arrival of Europeans, many indigenous tribes left the North American plains and began to rely on bison for almost all your needs. Meat, fat and marrow served as food; meat that was not food when hunting was dried for use in winter. The fur of the animal was used to make garments and the skin was too tanned to make clothes and tents. The horns tipped containers. In the 1860s, professional hunters, among them William Cody (Buffalo Bill), killed many animals to serve as food for builders of railroads. The animals were killed for fun. Heavier killings took place in the function of the animal that was sent to eastern markets leather. By 1885 about 1,000 bison remained. At the turn of the century, only a few hundred bison were still alive in North America, including a herd preserved in Yellowstone National Park and a few animals in zoos. Near the end of the 20th century, Native Americans were able to - successfully - to reintroduce the American plains bison - there are about 300 000 bison in North America today. . Most Canadian herds is in Wood Buffalo National Park in northern Alberta Some bison are raised for sale; others, for tourist attraction; and still others to serve as entertainment for hunters.