O que realmente faz um atirador de elite?

Autor: 
Robert Valdes

A sniper is a highly trained soldier who specializes in shooting targets with modified rifles from incredibly long distances. They are also experts in stealth, action camouflage , infiltration and observation techniques.


Photo courtesy Department of Defense Visual Information Center Defense A sniper Marines United States sighting a target through the telescopic sight of lightweight rifle to sniper Fifty Model 82A1 12.7mm (.50 caliber)

Snipers armed forces are used in a variety of missions on the battlefield and its primary mission has nothing to do with pulling a trigger. The main role of the sniper on the battlefield is recognition . Why snipers are masters of stealth, serve perfectly to sneak behind enemy lines to provide command information about the size, strength and location of the enemy.

When the mission requires, snipers can also disrupt and discourage the enemy with a few well-placed rifle shots. Rather than face the full force of the enemy as traditional infantry, snipers focus their efforts on "hunting" key personnel: officers, pilots, drivers of armored, technicians and operators in communication. With accurate shots that kill without warning, shooters elite soldiers break both the willingness and the capacity to fight the enemy.

When there is not a specific goal, a sniper looking for targets of opportunity . Following the movements of the enemy, they patiently await unsuspecting soldiers present the opportunity for a perfect shot. An officer taking a break to smoke a cigarette , a pilot making a pre-flight inspection of his helicopter , an armed soldier on patrol, these are all targets of opportunity.

"You want to do the best to help his teammates the most." This is what the shooter had to say about selecting targets of opportunity. He continues:

When ... is in the military, you have acting experience to know how a commander. Do you know a soldier, any soldier will usually sit behind a hill or into a hole with his gun. Looking, you can tell who is who, 'Well, this guy is in control and that is no one', only by acting his way. This is one reason why you should not to salute officers in the field. Say, in the field, you're there and watching some guy passes and salutes someone, you know he is an officer. This is one of the things that you notice.

Snipers are also used in support roles . These support functions can be a position of observation or action lock. When the shooter is in a position of observation , he puts himself in a hidden place that gives you a clear view of the battlefield. From there, it can support the assault force eliminating enemy forces that are endangering the advancement of the field. In a blocking action , snipers are positioned to help maintain a position that is controlled by their platoons. Can be positioned on top of a roof and assist the ground forces to defend their position.


Photo courtesy Department of Defense Visual Information Center Defense snipers on a roof in a blocking action

    These snipers shoot not only in people. They often are ordered to destroy material targets . A sniper can shoot generators, radios , transmitters, or fuel and water supplies. Put a bullet of .50 (12.7mm) caliber in a helicopter or truck engine block is as effective as putting a man on the pilot or drive.

    Snipers are what military strategists refer to as force multipliers . Put simply, a multiplication of force is an individual or a small team that through the use of special tactics may cause damage to a far greater force. What is striking about these shooters is that they are able to multiply the force without ever having to face the enemy directly.

    Because of the nature of their missions, snipers move with very little equipment, moving patiently under the cover of the bush or night. But they never walk alone . Teams of snipers often have to stand still for hours or days in a row to avoid being detected, waiting for the right moment to fire the shot. In the next section, we will learn how teams of snipers working together to get "the perfect shot".